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Hardwood Flooring Installation

Nail Down Hardwood Flooring Installation - is typically used with the 3/4" solid wood products, however there are adapters available for thinner flooring sizes as well. 2" nailing cleats are used with a wood flooring nailer and mallet to attach the flooring to the subfloor. Solid strip and plank wood floors must be installed over an approved wood sub-floor that is either on grade or above grade and the planks must be laid perpendicular to the floor joists. The National Oak Flooring Manufacturers Association has complete installation instructions available on their web site.

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Staple Down Hardwood Flooring Installation - uses a pneumatic staple gun with 1-1/2 to 2 inch long staples to attach the wood planks to the subfloor. This procedure is some what easier to do than nail-down for do-it-yourself installers. Not all wood flooring manufacturers recommend the same staple down installation for their flooring. Read the manufacturers installation manual to be sure you have the right staple gun and right size staples. The staples must be installed correctly into the tongue of each plank to avoid problems.

Glue Down Hardwood Flooring Installation - is where the recommended mastic or adhesive is spread on the subfloor with the proper sized trowel and then the wood flooring set into the adhesive and the floor is rolled.

Engineered hardwood floors and some wood parquets can be glued-down. There are many different types of adhesives on the market. It is best to use the manufacturer's recommended adhesive and right size notched trowel when installing these floors, otherwise you may void your warranty.

Glueless Hardwood Flooring Installation - some engineered wood floors have a specially designed tongue and groove locking system to secure the planks together without any glue, staples or nails. Glueless installation as means these floors can be floated over various sub-floors, such as wood and fully-cured, dry concrete slabs. You will still need some wood cutting tools and you will be required to use a special thin underlayment too.

Floating floor installation - Some engineered wood planks and all longstrip wood floors can be installed by the floating installation method. With the floating installation method the floor is not mechanically fastened to to any part of the sub-floor underneath. There is a thin pad that is laid down first and then the wood flooring is installed over the top. The sub-floors must be very flat with no dips or high areas or getting the planks to lock together may become very difficult. Some floating floors require a wood glue be applied to the tongue and grooves of each plank, while others are designed to be installed without using any glue. The padding laid underneath helps the planks float freely over the sub-floor, as well as protect against moisture and reduce noise transmission. This is also the fastest and easiest method of installation, especially for do-it-yourself.

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